Practicing Safe Aesthetic Medicine

Leg veins Causes, Complications and Treatment

Spider leg veins and varicose veins are practically an interrelated phenomenon. With ageing, majority of people get swollen purple lines or swollen blue coloured cords that are spread all along the calves and thighs. These twisted blood vessels affect 3 adults in every 10. Women are more vulnerable and effected by this condition.

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are the large blood vessels in legs that twist and become swollen. They appear dark bluish in colour and raised outwards from the skin like lifted tunnels. They can develop on any part of the body but are most commonly seen on the ankles and legs. These veins are more commonly observed in women.

What are spider veins/ thread veins?

Spider veins or thread veins are tiny blood vessels that are twisted and become visible through the skin. They may appear in red, bluish or purple shades and can most often visible on the legs or face. There are different causes of appearance of these thread veins that include menarche, menopause, smoking, consumption of alcohol, strenuous muscular activities and can be even due to genetics.

People having spider leg veins may also experience:

  • Swelling in legs
  • Feeling of heaviness or achiness in legs
  • Feeling of tiredness in legs

Common causes of Spider Veins

There are numerous factors which can contribute to the development of spider. These factors include;

  • Heredity
  • Pressure on Varicose veins
  • Some Occupations which involve long standing hours like that of nurses, makeup and hair stylists, teachers, and factory workers
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause
  • Using the birth control pills
  • Postmenopausal hormonal replacement
  • History of having any blood clots
  • Conditions that may cause an increase in pressure on the abdominal area, like tumors, constipation, and any externally worn garments like girdles.
  • Excessive exposure to UV rays

Symptoms of spider veins

Spider veins can cause severe aching or cramping in the legs. The area affected by the spider veins may throb, ache, and burn or even develops a heavy feeling. These swollen veins can feel tender when touched and may reduce blood circulation causing itching ankles accompanied by swelling. This condition can also lead to the chronic changes in skin and tissues like skin discolouration and skin ulcer.

At CosmeDocs, Scelrotherapy treatment is offered for treating spider veins in legs. It is a non-surgical procedure that is used for treating the unsightly thread veins, varicose veins and haemorrhoids. It is one of the most commonly used leg vein treatment for the thread veins issues.

In this leg vein treatment, local anaesthetic is given. Then a sclerosing solution is injected into the sites of thread veins by using very fine needles. The solution cause inflammation in the inner vein lining called endothelium. This leg vein treatment allows gradual and effective fading of thread veins within few months time.

Compression is applied on the veins using cotton pads. After that, the thread veins are pressed by applying compression stocking which does not allow the blood to pass through the veins.

During the leg vein treatment, single leg is treated in each session while multiple sessions may be required.

Results, duration and recovery

The veins treated through leg veins treatment slowly fades away in almost 6-12 weeks. There is no specific recovery time period for Sclerotherapy.

Possible Complications of leg vein treatment

You should contact the clinic if inflammation increases after the leg vein treatment. Bruising is common but it is temporary and will disappear in 1-2 weeks. The pigmentation in the treated area may persist for 6-12 weeks which is longer for the large varicose veins.

Other possible leg vein treatment complications include:

  • Blood clots in other leg veins
  • Headaches
  • Lower back pain
  • Allergic Reaction
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Skin Necrosis
  • Thrombophlebitis
  • Venous Thromboembolism
  • Visual Disturbances

Varicose veins are the large veins or blood vessels that appear swollen as well as raised above skin’s surface. They appear to be ‘rope-like’ and can be of blue, purple or flesh coloured. They are most commonly seen on the back side of calves or in the inside of legs.

Spider veins are similar in appearance to varicose veins but they are small and thin and appear closer to the skin’s surface. They often appear like a spider web or tree branches. They do not appear bulging out like varicose veins and can cover the small as well as large area of skin. They are more visible.

Though there are not many risk factor involved but all medical and cosmetic procedures involve some risks that should be considered before undergoing the treatment. During the initial consultation session, the potential side effects are fully explained to the patient.

People who possess venous inefficiency and do not suffer from obesity are good candidates for the leg vein treatment. Healthy people having complaint of spider veins can also undergo this leg vein treatment.

Most of the patients experience slight burning or stinging sensation which may last for about 3-5 minutes. For further information about this leg vein treatment you can contact CosmeDocs.

The treatment will destroy the spider veins in your leg that will allow the flow of blood to the healthy veins, naturally. With the passage of the time, the treated veins will be absorbed by your body.

As with any other treatment, there is a risk of complications and side effects. In case of sclerotherapy the risks and side effects are minimal. There may be mild pain or bruising.

This leg vein treatment is highly effective. The results may vary from patient to patient but most of our patients have successful treatment. We also provide follow-up treatment to keep a check on the reappearance of spider veins.


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